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Cyprus Communications
 
 
 

General

Cyta, the state-owned telecommunications company manages most telecommunications and internet connections on the island. However, following the recent liberalisation of the sector, a few private telecommunications companies have emerged.

The Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC) (Greek ΡΙΚ) is the main broadcaster in the Greek Cypriot area, although there are also privately owned radio and TV stations. A TV channel from Greek state broadcaster ERT is also available. The British Forces Broadcasting Service also operates radio and TV stations, although the TV signal is now confined to the Sovereign Base Areas or encrypted for copyright reasons. In the Turkish Cypriot area, Bayrak Radio Televizyon is the local broadcaster, with radio and TV from Turkish state broadcaster TRT also available. The Republic of Cyprus regards Bayrak Radyo Televizyon as an illegal pirate broadcaster.

The first subscription channels in Cyprus were LTV and Alpha, offered by Multichoice since the mid-90s. Today, there are 3 major companies competing for the market. Nova Cyprus with approximately 35 themed channels via satellite. MiVision, offering approximately 30 channels via digital cable, and LTV and Alpha. And AthenaSAT, offering approximately 15 channels via satellite. PrimeTel also offers LTV and Alpha along with 30 other stations.

ADSL (up to 1.5 MB/s) is currently only available in the areas controlled by the Republic. Some rural areas still only have dial-up. In the North ADSL 2+ (up to 24 MB/s) is currently available in all major Northern cities. However, despite the potential in speed, the highest speed that is being offered is currently only 2 MB/s.

Overview

Telephones - main lines in use :
area under government control: 420,000 (2005); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 86,228 (2002)

Telephones - mobile cellular :
area under government control: 718,800 (2005); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 143,178 (2002)

Telephone system :
general assessment: excellent in both area under government control and area administered by Turkish Cypriots
domestic: open-wire, fiber-optic cable, and microwave radio relay
international: country code - 357 (area administered by Turkish Cypriots uses the country code of Turkey - 90); tropospheric scatter; 3 coaxial and 5 fiber-optic submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean), 2 Eutelsat, 2 Intersputnik, and 1 Arabsat

Radio broadcast stations :
area under government control: AM 5, FM 76, shortwave 0
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: AM 1, FM 20, shortwave 1 (2004)


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